1. The hottest temperature ever recorded was in Death Valley, California, on July 10, 1913. What was it?
- A. 112 degrees Fahrenheit
- B. 126 degrees Fahrenheit
- C. 132 degrees Fahrenheit
- D. 156 degrees Fahrenheit
C. 132 degrees Fahrenheit. Earlier this summer they almost broke the record in Death Valley when the temperature reached 130 degrees – a Death Valley National Park employee actually took a frying pan and fried an egg on the sidewalk. That stunt garnered so much attention the Park crew had to issue an official order for people to stop frying eggs on the sidewalk – apparently people weren’t bothering to use a frying pan and things were getting pretty gross.
2. The warmest weeks of summer are sometimes called “the dog days.” Why?
- A. Sirius, the dog constellation, appear in the sky at the same time that the weather is especially hot.
- D. The heat makes dogs go crazy.
- C. It’s so hot that even dogs have no energy.
- D.It’s so hot that people can be driven to act irrationally, behaving like mad dogs.
A. Although all of the answers have some truth to them, originally, it was the appearance of Sirius in the sky that prompted the ancient Romans to blame it for sultry summer weather. They would sacrifice a brown dog at the start of the warm weeks in hopes of appeasing Sirius and bringing about cooler weather.
3. Which of the following things is NOT a symptom of dehydration?
- A. Dizzyness.
- B. Profuse sweating or perspiration.
- C. Pounding heartbeat
- D. Dry mouth
- E. Confusion
B. Profuse sweating or perspiration. Sweating is actually a good sign. It means your body has enough fluid resources to cool itself (it also means you need to drink more) – it’s when you DON’T sweat in very warm weather that you should worry. WebMD has more information about the warning signs of dehydration and what to do about them.
4. True or false: it doesn’t matter what you drink on a hot day as long as you drink something.
False. All drinks provide some level of hydration, but drinks that are high in sugar and caffeine also take more energy and water to process through your body and in some cases can actually deplete your water supply even more. When the weather is really hot, drinking water and eating fruit is the best way to to stay hydrated and get your sugar, too.
- A. Drink lots of liquids before you go out.
- B. Drink lots of fluids when you come back inside.
- C. Drink only when you feel thirsty.
- D. Bring fluids with you and drink at regular intervals before, during and after your activity.
D. Drinking regularly during hot weather is the best strategy, and don’t wait until you feel thirsty. Sometimes playing can be distracting and keep you from noticing you’re thirsty, so establishing a time when you will drink is the best way to stay properly hydrated.
6. About how much fluid should you drink each day?
- A. 24 ounces
- B. 36 ounces
- C. 48 ounces
- D. 60 ounces or more
D. 60 ounces or more. The Mayo Clinic advises that men need about 104 ounces each day and women need about 72 ounces, but they point out that there is water in many of the foods we eat (especially fresh fruits and vegetables – salty foods and bread, not so much), so the full requirement need not be met by drinking from a water bottle all day long. In the heat, however, water intake should increase. If you are sweating, you should be drinking something at regular intervals.
7. Staying cool usually means wearing as little clothing as possible, but going naked is not usually an option. Which of these clothing strategies is the best?
- A. Mostly naked with lots of sunscreen.
- B. Mostly covered with light colored, loose-fitting clothes.
- C. Mostly covered with absorbent cotton clothes next to the skin.
- D. Mostly naked with spandex exercise clothes.
B. Mostly covered with light colored, loose-fitting clothes. When it’s hot and sunny, it’s important to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays when still keeping cool. Using loads of sunscreen when you are sweating a lot reduces the protective qualities of the sunscreen, so the best option is to dress in breathable clothes that allow the air to cool your skin. Clothes worn tightly next to the skin – even cotton ones – reduce the ability to evaporate your sweat and cool your body.